French version                                                                                                                     ...by Isa et David

www.toutsurlagrece.com

 

                                                                             

Greece of yesterday       

 

The independence war of 1830

The Greece lived during 4 centuries under the  "Turcocraty", Turkish domination. From 1821 to 1832, there were some independence wars and the victory was won in 1832 in Nauplio,
 which became the first independent city, then the island of Spetses became free too, the battle was led by the women Bouboulina;  slowly, the Greece bec
ame back independent
and Athens gets back its status of capital in aid of Nauplio.

Here is a picture of the statue of Bouboulina on the island of Spetses
                                                                                                
                   

Smyrne war (actual Izmir) : story of my family

We don't really know how long lived my family in Turkey, my grandmother told me many years ! her grand-parents were living in Smyrne too, they were all living in harmony with the Turks,
their neighbours.

1919 : The Greek prime minister Venizelos was willing to re-build the "Great Idea", the principle was to re-create an empire with all the Greek territories were the Greeks
lived since the antiquity. Arriving of the Greeks in Smyrna (Izmir), it had to be a new arrival, as my family was already present since  years and years.
Beginning of the Turkish resistance with Mustafa Kemal in Samsun.

10 August 1920 : Treaty of Sevres which re-organise the Ottoman empire, and reduce the territory of the Turkey : a restraint territory around Ankara.
1920-1922 : The Turkish Kemalistes forces got back the Anatoly area. (area of Izmir).

1922 : Smyrne (Izmir) was taken back by the Turks. 150.000 Greeks and Armenians were killed in Smyrne, the city had 300.000 inhabitants.
Many Greeks were living in Anatoly (particularly in the Cappadoce) without any conflicts with the Turks, their neighbours.. ..
The 9th of  September 1922, Mustapha Kemal entered in Izmir,  burnt the city the 13th, my family ran away and was part of the 1,3 millions of Greeks "from abroad", 
refugees without any resources, they arrived in Athens.

The peace was signed in Mudyana (Anatoly), the 11th October 1922. My grand Mother was 9, she saw her father being arrested by the Turks.
Her mother  Penelope ran away with her 4 children. They arrived in Athens, then Marseille and Paris.
My grand father was from the Tinos island , he came in Paris to work. My grand parents met each other in the Greek community of Paris.
 

Here is a video I found on Internet, this is about some archives from Smyrne 1922 !
 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EFHDyUGNWqw&feature=related
 


 

The colonels regime in 1970

In 1967, The army did a putsch and established the "colonels' regime", it will last to 1974.
Thousand of people
were opposed to the regime and were arrested or killed. Torture and bad treatments were common in jails. Concentration camps were installed on the islands.
Hundreds of intellectuals, film directors, musicians, singers,
ran away from Greece and get into exile to denounce the regime.
Above all , USA were in favour of the Colonels : Nixon send his vice-president in Greek for a diplomatic trip...The Greece could be used for a American  military basis in the Middle East.
Nasser is threaten
ing Israel, the war is closed. By following the dictatorial regime, the USA gets a logistic territory, not for their army, but for the thousands of American citizens which
will need to escape from the Middle East.
Since 1974,
Cyprus island is divided :
In the South, the C
yprus Republic, where lived the Greek Cyprus community. That is the only authority known by the international community.
In the North, the Northern Turkish Cyprus Republic (RTCN) proclaimed itself in 1983 is only recognise
d by the Turkey.
This republic is occupying the area  invaded in 1974 by the Turkish troops.
The Turkish reacted against the ultra-nationalist Greek
s who wanted the island to be fastening to Greece.
Between the 2 communities the United Nations force (UNFICYP : 1 200 men) stays on the island, a demarcation point of 180 Km.